As we age our skin is is damage by free radicals. Antioxidants protect our skin against the damage caused by these radicals. They prevent further damage and slow the ageing process. Whilst we can not ‘reverse the signs of ageing’, as many cosmetic companies claim to do, we can improve the texture of the skin making it appear smoother and more radiant.
Glycolic Acid – Studies have shown that glycol acid can exert a satisfactory rejuvenation, good skin texture with younger looking and more radiant appearance after a period of treatments. It was observed that glycol acid reduces follicular pores and makes the skin smoother. It also acts as an exfoliant and peel. It is used to improve the skin’s appearance and texture. It reduces wrinkles, acne scarring, hyperpigmentation and improve many other skin conditions, including actinic keratosis, hyperkeratosis and seborrheic keratosis. Once applied, glycolic acid reacts with the upper layer of the epidermis, weakening the binding properties of the lipids that hold the dead skin cells together. This allows the stratum corneum to be exfoliated, exposing the smoother younger looking skin.
Tretinoin – is an active form of Vitamin A. It increases skin turnover and collagen synthesis. It effectively improves abnormal cell production deep in the dermis which helps the skin appear smoother and younger.
Lipoic Acid – is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory acts to diminish fine lines, tighten pores, even out complexion and increase circulation. Lipoic Acid also activates a factor in the body known as AP-1, which produces enzymes that digest damaged collagen and helps erase acne scars in addition to its anti-inflammatory effect. Lipoic acid also helps to minimise the irritation that may be caused by tretinoin.
Co-Enzyme Q10 – is a potent antioxidant and helps regeneration of vitamin E.
Vitamin E – is a powerful antioxidant preventing damage to our skin from oxidative stress. It acts as a peroxy radical scavenger, preventing the propagation of free radicals in tissues.